Nebojsa Vilic on Tue, 6 Apr 1999 20:59:49 +0000

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Syndicate: two letters

dear all,

these days a colleague of mine asked me to send these two letters of her to your attention.

here they are:


March 30, 1999

To Mr. Bill Clinton


After the disintegration of the Socialist block, most of the member countries have chosen the
democracy of the so-called western type. Among them, Macedonia, the only Yugoslav Republic that has
used its right to separate in a peaceful way. This has earned Macedonia a belated recognition under
a absurd and illogic name: Former (meaning non-existent) Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, from the
western European democracies led by Greece, the cradle of the European democracy, inspite of the
report of the Baddinter Commission, which confirmed all necessary precondition existed for
Macedonia's recognition. Such was the first lesson in democracy as given by the western European
democracy and the USA.

Today we witness the second lesson in democracy by these countries of most democratic governments.
The essence of the lesson is: you either accept my opinion or else I will attack you. I am not
implying that the approach that the democratic NATO allies want to impose on Yugoslavia is bad,
least that Miloshevich is a democrat. The point is that, as far as I know, democracy is not
implemented nor learned by force.

Nade Proeva, Ph.D.
Professor of Ancient History
SS. Cyril and Methodius University


March 30, 1999

To Mr. Xavier Solana and Wesley Clark


The fact that the American president, Mr. Clinton, thinks democracy can be learned by force does not
surprise me at all, considering the roots and the beginnings of the American state and culture. Yet,
I am surprised and disappointed by the attitude of the western democracies' leaders. Namely, being
"successors" of the Roman culture, they should know that the Romans have received the fiercest
resistance from tribes at a lower social and economic level than the Romans themselves. The
freedom-love of "savage" tribes is proportional to their stage of development (the lower the
development the greater freedom-love). The Romans had to apply brutal measures to crack the
resistance of the "savages". I shall mention an example that occurred on the same territory that is
now being plown into by super sophisticated weapons of western democracies: in order to crack the
anti-Roman resistance in 29. B.C., the warrior Marcus Licinius Crassus ordered that all captured
Moeses be cut off their arms up to their shoulders and then be released as a warning to all. Dion
Cassius has chronicled this in 2/3 cent. B.C. (Dio.Cass.LI,25,5). Naturally, the Romans have
conquered not only the Moeses but also all Balkan tribes. It is not difficult to conquer the weaker.
Yet, how the Roman Empire ended everybody knows, leaders of the western democracies, too, I hope. I
also hope that they remember the freedom-love of the Balkan peoples, that was demonstrated during
the Second World War.

Today, while the Balkan peoples are being given lessons in democracy by the NATO democracies, the
Balkan peoples strike back with lessons on freedom. "Disobedience is the first step of freedom,"
writes Erich Fromm.

I wonder who will learn the lesson this time?

Nade Proeva, Ph.D.
Professor of Ancient History
SS. Cyril and Methodius University

Nebojsa Vilic, Ph.D.
Faculty of Drama Arts
University 'SS. Cyril and Methodius'
Ruger Boskovic b.b. / P.O.Box 134
MK-91000 Skopje, Macedonia
tel. 389 91 37 05 96

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