jtravis on Wed, 2 Jun 1999 11:26:46 GMT

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Syndicate: rambouillet peace accord

Here is a copy of the Rambouillet Peace Accord Appendix as referred to
 by Pilger.  It is actually of course a treaty for colonisation and
 invasion.  Allow NATO troops unlimited access to the whole of the FRY:
 or we bomb you.  Privatise the economy of Kosovo: or we bomb you.  I
 have selected certain sections, otherwise the text is unchanged from
 www.monde-diplomatique.fr/dossiers/kosovo/rambouillet or alternatively http://www.mod.uk/news/kosovo/rambouillet_text.htm.
 This document is extremely important because it is still being insisted upon by
NATO and exposes their thinking and strategic planning for Kosovo and the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia.  See in particular, 
 Appendix B section 6a-8 and chapter 4a Article I and II. 
   Appendix B: Status of Multi-National Military
      Implementation Force
      1. For the purposes of this Appendix, the following
      expressions shall have the meanings hereunder assigned
      to them:
      a. "NATO" means the North Atlantic Treaty
      Organization (NATO), its subsidiary bodies, its
      military Headquarters, the NATO-led KFOR, and any
      elements/units forming any part of KFOR or
      supporting KFOR, whether or not they are from a
      NATO member country and whether or not they are
      under NATO or national command and control, when
      acting in furtherance of this Agreement.
      b. "Authorities in the FRY" means appropriate
      authorities, whether Federal, Republic, Kosovo or
      c. "NATO personnel" means the military, civilian, and
      contractor personnel assigned or attached to or
      employed by NATO, including the military, civilian,
      and contractor personnel from non-NATO states
      participating in the Operation, with the exception
      of personnel locally hired.
      d. "the Operation" means the support, implementation,
      preparation, and participation by NATO and NATO
      personnel in furtherance of this Chapter.
      e. "Military Headquarters" means any entity, whatever
      its denomination, consisting of or constituted in
      part by NATO military personnel established in
      order to fulfill the Operation.
      f. "Authorities" means the appropriate responsible
      individual, agency, or organization of the Parties.
      g. "Contractor personnel" means the technical experts
      or functional specialists whose services are
      required by NATO and who are in the territory of
      the FRY exclusively to serve NATO either in an
      advisory capacity in technical matters, or for the
      setting up, operation, or maintenance of equipment,
      unless they are:
      (1) nationals of the FRY; or
      (2) persons ordinarily resident in the FRY.
      h. "Official use" means any use of goods purchased,
      or of the services received and intended for the
      performance of any function as required by the
      operation of the Headquarters.
      i. "Facilities" means all buildings, structures,
      premises, and land required for conducting the
      operational, training, and administrative
      activities by NATO for the Operation as well as for
      accommodation-of NATO personnel.
      2. Without prejudice to their privileges and immunities
      under this Appendix, all NATO personnel shall respect
      the laws applicable in the FRY, whether Federal,
      Republic, Kosovo, or other, insofar as compliance with
      those laws is compatible with the entrusted
      tasks/mandate and shall refrain from activities not
      compatible with the nature of the Operation.
      3. The Parties recognize the need for expeditious
      departure and entry procedures for NATO personnel. Such
      personnel shall be exempt from passport and visa
      regulations and the registration requirements applicable
      to aliens. At all entry and exit points to/from the
      FRY, NATO personnel shall be permitted to enter/exit the
      FRY on production of a national identification (ID)
      card. NATO personnel shall carry identification which
      they may be requested to produce for the authorities in
      the FRY, but operations, training, and movement shall
      not be allowed to be impeded or delayed by such
      4. NATO military personnel shall normally wear uniforms,
      and NATO personnel may possess and carry arms if
      authorized to do so by their orders. The Parties shall
      accept as valid, without tax or fee, drivers, licenses
      and permits issued to NATO personnel by their respective
      national authorities.
      5. NATO shall be permitted to display the NATO flag and/or
      national flags of its constituent national
      elements/units on any NATO uniform, means of transport,
      or facility.
      6. a. NATO shall be immune from all legal process,
      whether civil, administrative, or criminal.
      b. NATO personnel, under all circumstances and at all
      times, shall be immune from the Parties,
      jurisdiction in respect of any civil,
      administrative, criminal, or disciplinary offenses
      which may be committed by them in the FRY. The
      Parties shall assist States participating in the
      operation in the exercise of their jurisdiction
      over their own nationals.
      c. Notwithstanding the above, and with the NATO
      Commander's express agreement in each case, the
      authorities in the FRY may exceptionally exercise
      jurisdiction in such matters, but only in respect
      of Contractor personnel who are not subject to the
      jurisdiction of their nation of citizenship.
      7. NATO personnel shall be immune from any form of arrest,
      investigation, or detention by the authorities in the
      FRY. NATO personnel erroneously arrested or detained
      shall immediately be turned over to NATO authorities.
      8. NATO personnel shall enjoy, together with their
      vehicles, vessels, aircraft, and equipment, free and
      unrestricted passage and unimpeded access throughout the
      FRY including associated airspace and territorial
      waters. This shall include, but not be limited to, the
      right of bivouac, maneuver, billet, and utilization of
      any areas or facilities as required for support,
      training, and operations.
      9. NATO shall be exempt from duties, taxes, and other
      charges and inspections and custom regulations including
      providing inventories or other routine customs
      documentation, for personnel, vehicles, vessels,
      aircraft, equipment, supplies, and provisions entering,
      exiting, or transiting the territory of the FRY in
      support of the Operation.
      10. The authorities in the FRY shall facilitate, on a
      priority basis and with all appropriate means, all
      movement of personnel, vehicles, vessels, aircraft,
      equipment, or supplies, through or in the airspace,
      ports, airports, or roads used. No charges may be
      assessed against NATO for air navigation, landing, or
      takeoff of aircraft, whether government-owned or
      chartered. Similarly, no duties, dues, tolls or
      charges may be assessed against NATO ships, whether
      government-owned or chartered, for the mere entry and
      exit of ports. Vehicles, vessels, and aircraft used
      in support of the operation shall not be subject to
      licensing or registration requirements, nor commercial
      11. NATO is granted the use of airports, roads, rails, and
      ports without payment of fees, duties, dues, tolls, or
      charges occasioned by mere use. NATO shall not,
      however, claim exemption from reasonable charges for
      specific services requested and received, but
      operations/movement and access shall not be allowed to
      be impeded pending payment for such services.
      12. NATO personnel shall be exempt from taxation by the
      Parties on the salaries and emoluments received from
      NATO and on any income received from outside the FRY.
      13. NATO personnel and their tangible moveable property
      imported into, acquired in, or exported from the FRY
      shall be exempt from all duties, taxes, and other
      charges and inspections and custom regulations.
      14. NATO shall be allowed to import and to export, free of
      duty, taxes and other charges, such equipment,
      provisions, and supplies as NATO shall require for the
      operation, provided such goods are for the official
      use of NATO or for sale to NATO personnel. Goods sold
      shall be solely for the use of NATO personnel and not
      transferable to unauthorized persons.
      15. The Parties recognize that the use of communications
      channels is necessary for the Operation. NATO shall
      be allowed to operate its own internal mail services.
      The Parties shall, upon simple request, grant all
      telecommunications services, including broadcast
      services, needed for the Operation, as determined by
      NATO. This shall include the right to utilize such
      means and services as required to assure full ability
      to communicate, and the right to use all of the
      electromagnetic spectrum for this purpose, free of
      cost. In implementing this right, NATO shall make
      every reasonable effort to coordinate with and take
      into account the needs and requirements of appropriate
      authorities in the FRY.
      16. The Parties shall provide, free of cost, such public
      facilities as NATO shall require to prepare for and
      execute the Operation. The Parties shall assist NATO
      in obtaining, at the lowest rate, the necessary
      utilities, such as electricity, water, gas and other
      resources, as NATO shall require for the Operation.
      17. NATO and NATO personnel shall be immune from claims
      any sort which arise out of activities in pursuance of
      the operation; however, NATO will entertain claims on
      an ex gratia basis.
      18. NATO shall be allowed to contract directly for the
      acquisition of goods, services, and construction from
      any source within and outside the FRY. Such
      contracts, goods, services, and construction shall not
      be subject to the payment of duties, taxes, or other
      charges. NATO may also carry out construction works
      with their own personnel.
      19. Commercial undertakings operating in the FRY only in
      the service of NATO shall be exempt from local laws
      and regulations with respect to the terms and
      conditions of their employment and licensing and
      registration of employees, businesses, and
      20. NATO may hire local personnel who on an individual
      basis shall remain subject to local laws and
      regulations with the exception of labor/employment
      laws. However, local personnel hired by NATO shall:
      a. be immune from legal process in respect of words
      spoken or written and all acts performed by them in
      their official capacity;
      b. be immune from national services and/or national
      military service obligations;
      c. be subject only to employment terms and
      conditions established by NATO; and
      d. be exempt from taxation on the salaries and
      emoluments paid to them by NATO.
      21. In carrying out its authorities under this Chapter,
      NATO is authorized to detain individuals and, as
      quickly as possible, turn them over to appropriate
      22. NATO may, in the conduct of the Operation, have need
      to make improvements or modifications to certain
      infrastructure in the FRY, such as roads, bridges,
      tunnels, buildings, and utility systems. Any such
      improvements or modifications of a non-temporary
      nature shall become part of and in the same ownership
      as that infrastructure. Temporary improvements or
      modifications may be removed at the discretion of the
      NATO Commander, and the infrastructure returned to as
      near its original condition as possible, fair wear and
      tear excepted.
      23. Failing any prior settlement, disputes with the regard
      to the interpretation or application of this Appendix
      shall be settled between NATO and the appropriate
      authorities in the FRY.
      24. Supplementary arrangements with any of the Parties may
      be concluded to facilitate any details connected with
      the Operation.
      25. The provisions of this Appendix shall remain in force
      until completion of the Operation or as the Parties
      and NATO otherwise agree.
      Chapter 8
      Amendment, Comprehensive Assessment, and
      Final Clauses
      Article I: Amendment and Comprehensive
      1. Amendments to this Agreement shall be adopted by
      agreement of all the Parties, except as otherwise
      provided by Article X of Chapter 1.
      2. Each Party may propose amendments at any time and will
      consider and consult with the other Parties with regard
      to proposed amendments.
      3. Three years after the entry into force of this
      Agreement, an international meeting shall be convened
      to determine a mechanism for a final settlement for
      Kosovo, on the basis of the will of the people,
      opinions of relevant authorities, each Party's efforts
      regarding the implementation of this Agreement, and the
      Helsinki Final Act, and to undertake a comprehensive
      assessment of the implementation of this Agreement and
      to consider proposals by any Party for additional
      Article II: Final Clauses
      1. This Agreement is signed in the English language.
      After signature of this Agreement, translations will be
      made into Serbian, Albanian, and other languages of the
      national communities of Kosovo, and attached to the
      English text.
      2. This Agreement shall enter into force upon signature.
      [signature lines]
      For the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
      For the Republic of Serbia
      For Kosovo
      Witnessed by:
      For the European Union
      For the Russian Federation
      For the United States of America
 [I further include chapter 4 a of the Rambouillet Accord unchanged
 except for emboldening]
    Chapter 4a
      Economic Issues
      Article I
      1. The economy of Kosovo shall function in accordance with
      free market principles.
      2. The authorities established to levy and collect taxes
      and other charges are set forth in this Agreement.
      Except as otherwise expressly provided, all authorities
      have the right to keep all revenues from their own
      taxes or other charges consistent with this Agreement.
      3. Certain revenue from Kosovo taxes and duties shall
      accrue to the Communes, taking into account the need
      for an equalization of revenues between the Communes
      based on objective criteria. The Assembly of Kosovo
      shall enact appropriate non-discriminatory legislation
      for this purpose. The Communes may also levy local
      taxes in accordance with this Agreement.
      4. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall be responsible
      for the collection of all customs duties at
      international borders in Kosovo. There shall be no
      impediments to the free movement of persons, goods,
      services, and capital to and from Kosovo.
      5. Federal authorities shall ensure that Kosovo receives a
      proportionate and equitable share-of benefits that may
      be derived from international agreements concluded by
      the Federal Republic and of Federal resources.
      6. Federal and other authorities shall within their
      respective powers and responsibilities ensure the free
      movement of persons, goods, services, and capital to
      Kosovo, including from international sources. They
      shall in particular allow access to Kosovo without
      discrimination for persons delivering such goods and
      7. If expressly required by an international donor or
      lender, international contracts for reconstruction
      projects shall be concluded by the authorities of the
      Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which shall establish
      appropriate mechanisms to make such funds available to
      Kosovo authorities. Unless precluded by the terms of
      contracts, all reconstruction projects that exclusively
      concern Kosovo shall be managed and implemented by the
      appropriate Kosovo authority.
      Article II
      1. The Parties agree to reallocate ownership and resources
      in accordance insofar as possible with the distribution
      of powers and responsibilities set forth in this
      Agreement, in the following areas:
      (a) government-owned assets (including educational
      institutions, hospitals, natural resources, and
      production facilities);
      (b) pension and social insurance contributions;
      (c) revenues to be distributed under Article I.5; and
      (d) any other matters relating to economic relations
      between the Parties not covered by this Agreement.
      2. The Parties agree to the creation of a Claim Settlement
      Commission (CSC) to resolve all disputes between them
      on matters referred to in paragraph 1.
      (a) The CSC shall consist of three experts designated
      by Kosovo, three experts designated jointly by the
      Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of
      Serbia, and three independent experts designated
      by the CIM.
      (b) The decisions of the CSC, which shall be taken by
      majority vote, shall be final and binding. The
      Parties shall implement them without delay.
      3. Authorities receiving ownership of public facilities
      shall have the power to operate such facilities.
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