Richard Barbrook on Thu, 27 Aug 1998 17:06:35 +0200 (MET DST)

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<nettime> THE HOLY FOOLS <part 3>

<1> Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland, Pan, London 1947. 

<2> See Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron, "The Californian Ideology",

<3> A TJ is a 'theory-jockey':  Amsterdam slang for intellectuals who cut
'n' mix philosophies like DJs in a club. 

<4> DIY stands for 'do-it-yourself'. See Elaine Brass and Sophie Poklewski
Koziell with Denise Searle (ed.), Gathering Force: DIY culture - radical
action for those tired of waiting, Big Issue, London 1997. 

<5> See the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) section on Rhizome (was
<>, recently changed to <>)

<6> "May '68 was a demonstration, an irruption, of a becoming in its pure
state... Men's only hope lies in a revolutionary becoming: the only way of
casting off their shame or responding to what is intolerable." Gilles
Deleuze, "Control and Becoming", Negotiations: 1972-1990, Columbia
University Press, New York 1995. 

<7> Jacques Camatte, The Wandering of Humanity, Black & Red, Detroit 1975. 

<8> See Felix Guattari, Molecular Revolution: psychiatry and politics,
Penguin, London 1994. 

<9 > Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus: capitalism
and schizophrenia, Athlone Press, London 1988. 

<10> Alfred Douglas, The Tarot. This Gnostic vision of human freedom is
remarkably close to the liberating role of insanity championed by the two

<11> See Felix Guattari, "Three Ecologies", New Formations, Number 8. 

<12> See Felix Guattari, "Les Radios Libres Populaires" in Pascal Defrance
(ed.), De la Necessite Socio-culturelles de l'Existence de Radios Libres
Independantes; and his introduction to Collectif A/Traverso, Radio Alice,
Radio Libre (translated in Molecular Revolution: psychiatry and politics). 

<13> Jean-Paul Simard, Interview with Author, Frequence Libre, April 1985;
and Annick Cojean and Frank Eskenazi, FM: la folle histoire des radios
libres, Grasset, Paris, 1986. 

<14> The vanguard was a military term used for the advance guard who
opened up the path for the main army. Applied to politics, this phrase
emphasised the leadership role of radical intellectuals within
revolutionary organisations. 

<15> For a critique of New Left vanguardism, see Jo Freeman, "The Tyranny
of Structurelessness" in CS (ed.), Untying the Knot: feminism, anarchism &
organisation, Dark Star/Rebel Press, London 1984. 

<16> See V.I. Lenin, What Is To Be Done?: burning questions of our
movement, Foreign Language Press, Beijing 1975; and Georg Lukacs, History
and Class Consciousness, Merlin, London 1968. 

<17> See Louis Althusser, Lenin and Philosophy and other Essays, New Left
Books, London 1971. 

<18> Above all, anarcho-communism was seen as the heir of those Left
Communists who had fought for direct democracy organised through the
Soviets against the dictatorship of the Leninist party. See Maurice
Brinton, The Bolsheviks & Workers' Control: 1917-1921, Solidarity, London
1970; and Ida Mett, The Kronstadt Uprising 1921, Solidarity, London 1967. 

<19> See Jacques Camatte, The Wandering of Humanity. Ibid. Of course, a
much diluted variant of this attack on oppressive 'grand narratives' later
formed the ideological basis for the self-styled post-modernists. 

<20> In classic New Left films like Weekend and Themroc, rebellion against
a repressive and alienating urban society was symbolically represented
through a return to primitive simplicity. Curiously, both films portrayed
cannibalism as the ultimate expression of liberation from bourgeois

<21> See Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus. Ibid. 

<22> Apart from its emphasis on peasants rather than nomads, Khmer Rouge
ideology was very similar to the anti-modernism espoused by Deleuze and
Guattari. See Michael Vickery, Cambodia: 1975-1982, Allen and Unwin, Hemel
Hempstead 1984. 

<23> In contrast, most of their contemporaries gravitated towards either
electoral politics or post-modern nihilism. See Jean-Pierre Garnier and
Roland Lew, "From The Wretched Of The Earth To The Defence Of The West: an
essay on Left disenchantment in France", Socialist Register 1984: the uses
of anti-communism, Merlin, London 1984. 

<24> From 1930 to 1933, the Surrealists' journal was called Le Surrealisme
au service de la revolution. See Helena Lewis, Dada Turns Red: the
politics of surrealism, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh 1990. 

<25> According to Nietzsche, the culturally impoverished masses were 'herd
animals' compared to the 'eagles' of the artistic world. 

<26> Friedrich Nietzsche, The Will to Power, Vintage, New York 1968.
Deleuze commended Nietzsche for the 'positive task' of inventing the
reactionary concept of the Superman. 

<27> See Ken Knabb (ed.), Situationist International Anthology, Bureau of
Public Secrets, California 1981. 

<28> See Raoul Vaneigem, The Revolution of Everyday Life, Practical
Paradise, London 1972. The Situationists discovered the tribal gift
economy in Marcel Mauss, The Gift. 

<29> See Warren O. Hagstrom, "Gift Giving as an Organisational Principle
in Science" in Barry Barnes and David Edge, Science in Context: readings
in the sociology of science, The Open University, Milton Keynes 1982. 

<30 >See Rishab Aiyer Ghosh, "Cooking Pot Markets: an economic model for
the trade in free goods and services on the Internet",

<31> See Keith W. Porterfield, "Information Wants to be Valuable: a report
from the first O'Reilly Perl conference",

<32> See Eric C. Raymond, "The Cathedral and the Bazaar",

<33> See Netscape Communications Corporation, "Netscape Announces Plans to
Make Next-Generation Communicator Source Code Available Free on the Net",

<34> Andrew Leonard, "Let My Software Go!",

<35> Wired uses 'The New Economy' as a synonym for its neo-liberal
fantasies about the digital future. 

<36> Alexandre Kojeve, Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on
the 'Phenomenology of Spirit', Cornell University Press, Ithaca NY 1969. 

<37> Henri Lefebvre, Everyday Life in the Modern World, Transaction
Publishers, New Brunswick NJ 1984. 


Richard Barbrook's The Holy Fools will be published by Verso Books early
next year.

The English version of this mix of The Holy Fools is included in issue 11
of Mute, the quarterly culture and technology magazine (publication date:
26th August). Issue 11 also contains a special insert on net.politics made
in collaboration with the Revolting temporary media lab, currently
underway in Manchester... <>

Mute is online at <>

The German translation of this mix will be published in the next issue of
Telepolis:  <>


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Dr. Richard Barbrook
Hypermedia Research Centre
School of Communications, Design & Media
University of Westminster
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Northwick Park

+44 (0)171-911-5000 x 4590

"...the History of the World is nothing but the development
of the Idea of Freedom." - Georg Hegel

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