lotu5 on Sat, 23 Jul 2005 11:31:51 +0200 (CEST)

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<nettime> hierarchy vs. rhizome


Rhizome: Guerrilla Media, Swarming and Asymmetric Politics in the 21st

Jeff Vail

Philosopher Philip Bobbitt, in his seminal work "The Shield of
Achilles", proposed that the 20th century was defined by the ideological
conflicts between socialism, fascism and capitalism. These competing
ideologies purported to offer the hierarchal control structure most
suited to meeting the needs of the people. In the course of this
conflict, asymmetric warfare -- the use of non-hierarchal structures to
successfully confront hierarchy -- was refined. The conflicts of the 20th
century forged current theories of rhizome -- the name for non-hierarchal,
asymmetrical and networked patterns of organization. Empowered by a
revolution in communication technology and the spread of democratic
freedoms, the conflicts of the 21st century will be defined not by past
political ideologies, but by a much more fundamental, structural
conflict: hierarchy vs. rhizome.


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