Kermit Snelson on Sun, 25 Aug 2002 22:20:08 +0200 (CEST)

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<nettime> revitalization movements, then and now

Does this description remind anyone here of someone (s)he knows? ;)


>From The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001

revitalization movement -- political-religious movements promising
deliverance from deprivation, the elimination of foreign domination, and a
new interpretation of the human condition based on traditional cultural
values, common in societies undergoing severe stress associated with
colonial conquest and intense class or racial exploitation. A prominent
example is the Ghost Dance of Native Americans, who believed that their
ritual would cause ancestors and bison herds to return and white people to
leave. Although a nonviolent form of protest, it ended with the massacre of
over 200 Sioux men, women, and children by the U.S. army at Wounded Knee,
S.Dak., in 1890. Cargo cults are another form of revitalization movement
found in New Guinea and other parts of Melanesia, especially after the
intense movements of armies through the area during World War II. Followers
believe that local governments prevent their ancestors from delivering an
abundance of European or American goods. Their rituals reflect their sense
of economic marginalization, belief that the world capitalist economy
behaves irrationally, and alienation from state-level politics. These
movements are also referred to as nativistic, revivalistic, millenarian, or

See J. Mooney, The Ghost Dance Religion (1965); P. Worsley, The Trumpet
Shall Sound (1968); A. H. Shovers, Visions of Peace (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.
Copyright  2001 Columbia University Press

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