|Deena on 30 Sep 2000 14:55:23 -0000
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Hi, I apologize for the late forward, but I have been travelling constantly and have not been able to keep up with my correspondance. Would anyone know of a place to publish these articles on Africa? Deena -- ------------ Deena Larsen email@example.com http://www.chisp.net/~textra Come on over to explore the amazing possibilities in hypertext ------------
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- Subject: articles and poems for publications
- From: "HANDSEN CHIKOWORE" <email@example.com>
- Date: Wed, 06 Sep 2000 05:10:56 GMTHANDSEN CHIKOWORE HOUSE NUMBER 5227 GLEN-NORAH B HARARE ZIMBABWE Dear Editor My name is Handsen Chikowore and I am a young man aged twenty three. I have send my four poems and two articles which I hope you are going to publish. Please reply me and inform me whether you will publish my articles or not. You can also refer to someone whom you know can publish my articles by either forwarding my articles to him or her or by send me his or her e-mail address so that I will contact him or her.. There are four poems and two articles God bless you. I write articles to inform , educate ,entertain as well as raising my standards of living when I am paid for my articles. Please reply me. Thank you so much in advance. 1.CHURCHES RESPONDING POSITIVELY IN THE FIGHT AGAINST AIDS The killer disease AIDS has caused poverty in many African nations and nearly one thousand people are dying weekly in Zimbabwe s. Africa has the highest number of people infected with HIV-Aids , with about 33.2 million people , while Sub-Saharan Africa alone, Zimbabwe included , top the list .Christians have come together with ideas and solutions to reduce the impact of AIDS in Zimbabwe as they have seen that it is not the government alone which should fight against this deadly diseases but it is everyone’s responsibility. This disease has affected people economically and one of the most surprise thing is that there are many orphans who are struggling to make ends meet after the death of their parents. Some churches as they have seen that Zimbabwe faces serious pressure on the provision of public health sector services, have assisted the government in awareness campaign of this deadly disease by the provision of funds and building clinics and hospitals. This means that apart from preaching , churches are playing a pivotal role in assisting the health sector. Other individual christians , having seen the impact of Aids to the orphans , have formed childrens homes for the orphans. These people have actually demonstrated that christianity does not only mean going to church every Sunday but it means showing your christianity in societies where you live. Some churches are identifying the poorest members in the society and are assisting them with food and clothing . Other church members are pledging to send orphans to school from primary education to secondary education which is a great thing indeed. These principles and values which christians are demonstrating should be done in other African countries where a lot of people are dying of Aids. Christians should continue with their teachings on Aids and encourage people abstain from sex before marriage. 2.“Africa has the strength and resources for all its people to lift themselves out of poverty into a life of prosperity and dignity.” Poverty is a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon involving people’s lack of empowerment as well as their lack of income as basics. In terms of natural resources , Africa is the world’s richest continent . It has fifty percent of the world’s gold , most of the world’s diamond and chromium , ninety percent of the cobalt , forty percent of the world hydro-electrical power , sixty five percent of the world’s manganese , millions of acres of untilled farmland as well as other natural resources. Despite its wealth of resources, Africa is home to the world’s most impoverished people. Africa which was a net food exporter , has become a net food importer since the early 1960’s. Firstly, environmental factors coupled with human activities have contributed to poverty in Africa. These include drought, land degradation, desertification and poor soil structure. Africa is a continent suffering from degradation of its natural resources base through overcropping without supply of appropriate inputs to the land, overgrazing and deforestation. This damage, combined with the progressive depletion of much arable land in Africa through continued cropping with little or no replenishment of plant nutrients , has resulted in a loss of land productivity and contributed to widespread poverty and food insecurity. Tropical forests in Africa are being lost at an escalating rate . Since large areas in all sub-regions of Africa , except the centre have an arid , semi arid or dry subhumid climate desertification affect food security and sustainable livelihoods. Dersertification also reduces the land available for production. For instance , food production in Africa declined in the past decade due to unavailability of arable land for agricultural purposes. Poor soil structure also reduced food production in Africa. Due to this , a large share of African population has become absolutely poor. Hunger and undernutrition are widespread , particularly among women and children. Poor methods of farming caused poverty in Africa and these include overcropping , monoculture , cultivation near river banks as well as ploughing along the slopes. These factors also affected the availability of water for household , food production and livestock. Since poverty is the deprivation of basic necessities of life, these factors have deprived many African societies of water and food. Prosperity and dignity can and will be achieved in Africa by introducing policy reforms . Economic and incentives to farmers through price , trade and foreign exchange liberalization , land tenure empowering women , promotion of role of private sector in food production. There should be measures taken to enhance production , distribution and storage of food , research on modern and traditional technologies to increase crop yields and livestock productivity, strengthening extension services to reach a larger communities of small farmers. Apart from that there should be improvement of input supply services and credit facilities , improvement in transport and communications as well as minimization of food losses through improved processing and storage facilities. Prosperity can also be achieved by establishment of national and regional famine early warning mechanisms , creation of institutional activities for responding to crises , such as relief and rehabilitation commissions , the creation of emergency food reserves and improvements in vulnerability assessments aimed at better targeting most needy regions and households for humanitarian assistance. There should be protection and enhancement of productivity of natural resource base that constitute for many African countries the capital for economic and social developments. The other thing which must be done to get out of poverty are to sensitize and secure commitments from the international community to support the development and implementation of natural and sub-regional action programmes to combat desertification , assist in formulating and establishing innovative mechanism to channel resources to strengthen the efforts of local communities in countries affected by drought and desertification. There should be monitoring and controlling of methods of farming and those found against the rules should dealt with. Stern measures should be implemented to avoid unnecessary cutting down of trees. Other sources of energy should be used in place of firewood such as biogas and solar energy. In order to achieve prosperity in terms of water management, these measures should be put in place and are reviewing and reform of national water resources development and irrigation policies and strategies , including water legislation and institutional reforms in such a manner that they are compatible with broader national development and agricultural policies as well as encouraging adoption of appropriate technologies , management practices , economic incentives and institutional measures to increase water use efficiency. Other natural disasters such as floods and winds also cause poverty in Africa . These disasters causes homelessness and destroy clothing which in turn causes poverty. Dignity and prosperity can be achieved through establishment of national and regional floods warning mechanisms. Political instability and civil wars also causes poverty in Africa. They actually slow growth in food production and also prevent access to basic commodities through disrupting transport and communications. In order to reduce poverty associated with civil wars , Africans should be taught that war is not the only solution but it adds more problems , sufferings , hunger and starvation. Poverty is also caused by the low status of women in many African societies. Women who produce the bulk of food are not empowered. Eighty percent of women in African rural areas have no access to land yet land is one of the means for feeding the family Since food is one of the basic needs of life , women should be empowered through access to assets and productive resources such as land , credit facilities , technology training and markets as well as enabling them to participate in political forces that shape their lives. Shortage of shelter or accommodation is another thing causing poverty in Africa. Quite a large number of people in Africa have no decent accommodation . Some live in house made of plastics where they do not have enough blankets to keep them warm. The causes of shortage of shelter are the demands for houses especially in urban areas. Economic hardships faced by other African counties have forced people to live without decent accommodation . Some live in areas where there are no good sanitary systems. In order for dignity to be maintained , the government should build multi-storey houses in urban areas. There is need for the government to establish low income housing projects so that the poor can afford to own houses. The killer disease AIDS have caused poverty in Africa in different ways. These include over-stretching the few health facilities available and therefore depriving other people of the health facilities. Many people in Africa fail to access health facilities because of this disease. The other way in which AIDS has caused poverty in Africa include the death of many breadwinners in the family living the children of tender ages to sustain themselves. The major vehicle to achieve significant health improvement will be health sector reform in all countries in Africa. The major component of the reform are improved financial resources mobilization, and allocation of improved management of health services and resources as well as increasing equality to help the last village achieve a reasonable degree of health. The most important condition or success of health reform is country ownership of both the reform process and programme. The reform needs to ensure an adequate access by all populations to an essential level of care and support services and result in resolution of country specific priority health problem. Unemployment is another major cause of poverty in Africa. For instance , in Zimbabwe unemployment is around fifty percent. In order to reduce unemployment , there should be an establishment of micro-finance project of which the unemployed can start small income generating projects. Many people especially women and youth should gain access to credit enabling them to start income earning enterprises such as small farms and handicraft industries. The primary approach to address this area must be through measures , since direct assistance to individuals can only benefit a portion of those in need. Improvements in both sides of the supply demand are needed for a better enabling environment for sustainable livelihoods. Government systems cause poverty in Africa. This means that government need to expand people’s choices and allow them to participate in decisions affecting their lives. Systems of government that are required should encourages peoples involvement in decision –making stimulate economic growth and ensure that the benefits of that growth reach all segments of society. Key things should be free and fair elections , freedom of association and participation , an independent judiciary , bureaucratic accountability , freedom of information , effective and efficient public sector management and government interaction with organisation of civil society. Economic situations in some of African countries have contributed to poverty. High inflation , high interest rates and price increases of basic commodities. Due to exorbitant prices of basic commodities , many people fail buy the basic commodities an therefore causing poverty. In order for dignity and prosperity to be achieved , the government should control prices of basic commodities or subsidize. Economic reforms need to be further deepened. There should be a programme set up to support the decentralisation of rural development through the restructuring of agricultural extension services for a greater participation of local communities. This include the transfer of centralised functions to local and regional co-operation. There should be human resources development to ensure access of vulnerable groups to basic services. Poverty of unavailability of basic education for children is another thing haunting Africa. Most children in Africa lack basic education. Since 1990, slow but steady progress towards education for all has been made in most regions of the world . Africa is the one outstanding exception. Despite the critical importance of education , about half of the African adults are illeterate. To achieve prosperity and dignity , due attention should be given to skills training for unemployed urban youth , and the adults literacy programmes and appropriate measures to sustain literacy through different aspects of non-formal education. If present education trends persist the number of illiterate or under-educated adults will grow , as high proportion of children do not attend primary schools. The first step therefore towards a long solution to this vicious circle of illiteracy is to provide basic education for all. This will gradually reduce the number of illiterates , produce students well prepared for further education and provide the people with basic knowledge and skills. Religion to a lesser extent has contributed to poverty in Africa. Some churches do not allow its followers to go to the hospital and these deprive members of the church access to health facilities. There are methods of marriages which are still practiced by different societies in Africa whereby children under the age of thirteen are forced to marry . This will actually create poverty as they become mothers and fathers who will not able to feed the family well and to give basic commodities to their families. Sometimes they drop out of schools without acquiring basic education. In order for dignity to be achieved churches which do not allow members to go to the hospital must be banned and some methods of marriage which is against the rights of the children must also be illegal. Poverty can be better overcome if the poor themselves are mobilized and allowed to choose suitable ways to improve their living conditions . The best people placed to attack poverty are the poor themselves. Once mobilized , people can themselves choose the direction in which they wish to move and sources of their deprivation. Experience has shown that poor communities do not need to be led. As opportunities emerge , they will produce their own leaders and set their own pace. For development efforts to be sustainable , they must begin by fitting within the economic , cultural and social parameters established by communities . Conclusively , poverty is the deprivation of basic necessities and in Africa it is caused by land degradation , illiteracy , drought , deforestation , food insecurity , gender inequality and it can be eradicated through establishment of microfinance for small businesses , introducing education for all policy , women empowerment , drought management , land degradation and desert control and soil quality improvement. 1. ECHOES OF AFRICA Africa ,Africa Africa Our beloved continent cries Problems, troubles haunt the continent This is the voice of the Africans In Mozambique Floods destroyed infrastructure Outbreak of diseases haunt the nation Roads and bridges are non -existent Please help poor Mozambique In Zimbabwe We need investors We want employment creators Zimbabwe a country with resources For those who need real investments In South Africa Thousands are dying weekly We talk of AIDS daily Orphans are increasing daily We cry for God’s mercy In DRC We talk of war Peace agreements being breached We cry for peace in Africa Peace peace in DRC In Kenya We talk of hunger and starvation Emanating from prolonged drought Food resources are scarce We really need urgent help This is the voice of Africa 2.POVERTY Day in day out I am always suffering No permanent place to sleep Hunger, hunger my stomach complains The mouth always dry Bins are the sources of my food Clothes are tattered and torn When I cry for help , no one come to my rescue Everyday I am always shouting Begging in the city centre streets Where the riches do their shopping Sometimes I don’t because of weakness and hunger They always scold me and neglect me I walk barefooted My teeth always dirt My hair scruffy No toothpaste and soap available I use water from public places My fellows go to school Whilst I am busy walking in the streets My relatives denied me I am an opharn I have no one to care for me When I seek help from churches They say we have no money They think I am insane I hope one day in my life God will rescue me >From this bondage of poverty 3.CRY AFRICAN GIRL Up in the azure sky Shoots the sun’s rays Rises to meet another day Another promise To me its not yet any hope As each day brings more problems Which trouble a thirteen year old girl Setting alight fire early morning Sweeping the sheets of dust and dirt early morning A beast of burden for firewood so I am bound All those long distances I have to walk A throbbing ever throbbing pain to my foot With the baby clinging on my yonder back The thorn infested forests The meandering long walks to boreholes and wells The back breaking dreary buckets full of water Its so tiresome my body sweats Its so punishing my body cannot endure All African girls Cry for your rights The rape, torture and victimisation Our life an eerie furnace of denied paradise A sad song of denied education I am so weary, Oh weary, So weary A breath for fresh air cometh not Don’t fall African girls Up and fight Yearn for another life Another era. 4.PLEA TO CANCEL THE DEBT Our country Our nation Our territory Our dwelling Have suffered long enough May you cancel our debt please Zimbabweans are destitute Companies are closing up The dollar weaken daily Prices of basic commodities Are sky rocketing daily Please cancel the debt The economy is ailing Trading is becoming less and less Foreign currency no longer available Imports are now limited Poverty, poverty is the daily song We are in true economic quagmire Please cancel our debts Breadwinners are jobless De-investments at its peak Unemployment ever-increasing Mines are closing down Owing to forex shortages Please cancel our debt You the rich giver and the lender Consider our problems seriously Have mercy on the masses of Zimbabwe Health institution faces drug shortages For the sake of development We need your best support Cancel our debt please _________________________________________________________________________ Get Your Private, Free E-mail from MSN Hotmail at http://www.hotmail.com. 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